In the HEPCOM project we define tools as being methods, guidelines, conceptual frameworks and templates that local communities apply in order to plan and structure their health promoting activities towards children and young people.
Tools can be divided into the following 5 phases of a working process:
- Policy development
- Strategic planning
- Action planning
- Implementation of interventions / health promoting activities
- Evaluation of interventions / health promoting activities
The 5 phases of the Management cycle are:
An overall vision for health and health promotion or specific areas of health of children, young people and their families within the different policy areas should be set up on the policy level (e.g., politicians and decision makers). Policy makers should have a clear definition of which target groups they aim to reach and which policy areas or levels are involved in reaching the defined aims. A shared language and a shared understanding of health and health promotion in general and the respective health topic are needed. Here, you will find tools such as documents that provide information for policy makers, guidelines that give support to organise policy workshops and/or dialogues with policy makers, examples of policy papers etc.
Concrete strategies for implementation have to be developed to reach the desired outcomes. Conditions, such as resources, of the respective settings should be taken into consideration. For this step, tools are typically guidelines, principles, and approaches that can help you develop a strategy.
Sets of actions must be defined at the executive and administrative levels in close collaboration with professional practitioners in line with the concrete strategies and settings. In this section you will find tools that help you specify and plan your activities and projects.
In this step, the strategies and activites developed and planned in the first steps, are put into action. An activity is carried out, a process is started, a product is developed, etc. You will find tools that help you carry out your activities in practice, like training materials, informational materials, models for reflection, models to ask questions and case stories.
Assessing the processes and results of an activity is essential to find out how the activity was received by the target group, to see if it had any (short-term) effects, and to determine whether it could be improved in any way. Evaluation criteria should be defined prior to the implementation so that a continuous evaluation is possible. For evaluation you will find tools like questionnaires, self assessment templates and quality criteria.